Biographical directories and databases about architects (by state)
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Finding aids to architects' collections in architectural archives normally have a section with biographical information about the architect and firm. Many finding aids are viewable online at the architectural archive's website.
American Architects Directory (Published by R.R. Bowker for the American Institute of Architects). 1st edition 1956; 2nd edition 1962; 3rd edition 1970. Entries noted by name in the AIA Historical Directory. Text of all three editions available in full on the AIA Historical Directory site.
Brief Biographies of American Architects Who Died Between 1897 and 1947: Transcribed from the American Art Annual by Earle G. Shettleworth, Jr., Director, Maine Historic Preservation Commission. Available online through the Society of Architectural Historians web site.
Contemporary Architects (New York: St. James Press, multiple editions)
Directory of Historic American Architectural Firms (The American Institute of Architects Foundation and the Committee for the Preservation of Architectural Records, 1979). Lists firms established before 1917 and in continuous practice through 1979.
Johnson, Donald Leslie. Makers of 20th Century Modern Architecture: A Bio-critical Sourcebook (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997)
Krantz, Les. American Architects: A Survey of Award-Winning Contemporaries and their Notable Works (New York: Facts on File, 1989)
Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (New York: Macmillan, 1982). Entries for American architects noted by name in the AIA Historical Directory.
Vosbeck, R. Randall, FAIA. A Legacy of Leadership: Presidents of the AIA 1857-2007 (Washington, DC: The American Institute of Architects, 2008). Entries noted by name in the AIA Historical Directory.
Pioneers in Preservation: Biographical Sketches of Architects Prominent in the Field Before World War II (Washington, DC: The American Institute of Architects Committee on Historic Resources, 1990). Entries noted by name in the AIA Historical Directory.
Withey, Henry F., A.I.A., and Withey, Elsie Rathburn. Biographical Dictionary of American Architects (Deceased) (Los Angeles: New Age Publishing Company, 1956. Facsimile edition, Hennessey & Ingalls, Inc., 1970). Entries noted by name in the AIA Historical Directory. Available online at
National – African-American
Travis, Jack, ed. African American Architects in Current Practice (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1991)
Wilson, Dreck Spurlock, ed. African American Architects: A Biographical Dictionary 1865-1945 (New York: Routledge, 2004). Entries noted by name in the AIA Historical Directory.
National – Women
Allaback, Sarah. The First American Women Architects (University of Illinois Press, 2008). Entries noted by name in the AIA Historical Directory.
Dynamic National Archive of 20th Century American Women Architects, Beverly Willis Architecture Foundation
The International Archive of Women in Architecture, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Modern San Diego
District of Columbia
Bushong, William, et al. A Centennial History of the Washington Chapter, The American Institute of Architects: 1887-1987 (Washington, DC: The Washington Architectural Foundation Press, 1987)
Wood, Wayne W. Jacksonville's Architectural Heritage: Landmarks for the Future (Jacksonville Historic Landmarks Commission, 1989), available in an online version at the web site of the Jacksonville Historical Society.
Shank, Wesley I. Iowa’s Historic Architects: A Biographical Dictionary (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1999)
Shettleworth, Earle G., Jr., and Reed, R. G. A Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Maine (Augusta, ME: Maine Historic Preservation Commission, 1984-1988)
Hail, Christopher. Boston Architects and Builders, Compiled from the Boston Directory, 1789-1846 (Cambridge: Massachusetts Committee for the Preservation of Architectural Records, 1989). Shows directory listings for architects but does not include biographical information.
Michigan Modern, Michigan State Historic Preservation Office
Francis, Dennis Steadman. Architects in Practice, New York City: 1840-1900 (New York: Committee for the Preservation of Architectural Records, 1980). Shows directory listings for architects from various sources but does not include biographical information.
Ward, James. Architects in Practice, New York City: 1900-1940 (New York: Committee for the Preservation of Architectural Records, 1989). Shows directory listings for architects from various sources but does not include biographical information.
Rochester Archipedia, AIA Rochester
North Carolina Architects & Builders: A Biographical Dictionary, North Carolina State University Libraries
Triangle Modernist Houses (architects and buildings database)
Biographical Dictionary of Cincinnati Architects, 1788-1940, Architectural Foundation of Cincinnati
Ritz, Richard Ellison. Architects of Oregon: A Biographical Dictionary of Architects Deceased - 19th and 20th Centuries (Portland, OR: Lair Hill Publishing, 2002).
Philadelphia Architects and Buildings Database (incorporates the Biographical Dictionary of Philadelphia Architects: 1700-1930 by Sandra L. Tatman and Roger W. Moss which was originally published in 1984, plus much more)
Wells, John E., and Dalton, Robert E. The South Carolina Architects 1885-1935: A Biographical Dictionary (Richmond, VA: New South Architectural Press, 1992)
Wells, John E., and Dalton, Robert E. The Virginia Architects 1836-1955: A Biographical Dictionary (Richmond, VA: New South Architectural Press, 1997)
Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, ed. Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994)
Architects and Designers Biographies, Docomomo WEWA